editor CHTs are management units that oversee the management of health facilities, disease surveillance and liaise between central MOH and county and communities. Asthma sufferers are warned to be prepared. However, 10% of the population are infected. Study participants received modified drafts of a resilient health system conceptual framework (provided in Supplementary Appendix A) to comment upon during interviews and focus group discussions. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com, This article is published and distributed under the terms of the Oxford University Press, Standard Journals Publication Model (, Adoption of evidence-based global policies at the national level: intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in pregnancy and first trimester treatment in Kenya, Malawi, Mali and The Gambia, Health systems of oppressions: applying intersectionality in health systems to expose hidden inequities, Document analysis in health policy research: the READ approach, The origins of Ethiopia's primary health care expansion: The politics of state building and health system strengthening, How ready is the system to deliver primary healthcare? endobj Specifically, we adapted CE categories from Popay’s conceptual framework and integrated sub-categories and definitions from World Health Organization (2002). Text ID of PDF/X standard An ORCID is a persistent identifier (a non-proprietary alphanumeric code) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors. external To proactively establish these community platforms, local institutional structures—such as the District Health Officers—and communication strategies with communities should be formalized by the health system before a health crisis occurs. name internal http://crossref.org/crossmark/1.0/ The COVID-19 epidemic in China has not yet met world health officials’ designation of a global pandemic that spreads far and wide throughout the world. Text Symptoms can include wheezing, a feeling of tightness in the chest and a persistent cough, Vic Health states. 2015. A structure containing the characteristics of a font used in a document. part If the URL associated with a DOI is to be specified, then prism:url may be used in conjunction with prism:doi in order to provide the service endpoint (i.e. To address this critical gap, we adapt and apply existing theoretical CE frameworks to analyse qualitative data from 92 in-depth interviews and 16 focus group discussions collected with health system stakeholders in Liberia in the aftermath of the 2014–15 Ebola outbreak. Officials have urged residents to be particularly aware of wind gusts that come before the storm, instructing people to close their doors and windows, and turn on airconditioning where possible to recirculate. Do you have asthma or hay fever? Ebola DOI Steroid abuse is an epidemic in professional sports. As a representative from a small NGO noted, ‘What didn’t work was foreigners trying to go into communities. Explaining the logic behind an intervention enabled community members to more accurately describe the mechanism of action to programme recipients, which in turn allowed them to manage communities’ expectations and ultimately increase trust by demonstrating that what was promised was accomplished. internal Respondents repeatedly emphasized that community members must be treated as integral health system actors, rather than passive recipients of health services. external Text %PDF-1.3 2016-09-13T14:31:47+02:00 Text orcid Such trust building is particularly consequential in post-conflict and fragile states where the social contract is frayed, as in Liberia. Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how to opt-out. amd While malaria is rarely seen in the United States, it is endemic to several tropical countries. In another example, a CHT gave the community substantial autonomy in organizing local surveillance teams: ‘[Community leaders] started to organize their community watch team [and help] us [the CHT] with the surveillance system, reporting anybody that was suspected to be infected so that they could be evacuated to a health facility.’ Respondents mentioned that health authorities occasionally allowed communities to select their own burial teams, and CHTs would afterwards train them in the standard burial techniques. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/ColorSpace<>/Font<>>>/Thumb 15 0 R/MediaBox[0 0 595.276 790.866]/B[16 0 R 17 0 R]/Annots[18 0 R 19 0 R 20 0 R 21 0 R 22 0 R 23 0 R 24 0 R 25 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 28 0 R 29 0 R 30 0 R 31 0 R 32 0 R 33 0 R 34 0 R 35 0 R 36 0 R 37 0 R 38 0 R 39 0 R 40 0 R 41 0 R 42 0 R 43 0 R 44 0 R 45 0 R 46 0 R 47 0 R]/Rotate 0>> Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 2.0 France. %���� This in turn facilitated response efforts and ultimately contributed to health system resilience during the Ebola epidemic. The association between subjective impact and the willingness to adopt healthy dietary habits after experiencing the outbreak of the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19): a cross-sectional study in China. These insights from Liberia illustrate the ways in which the wisdom and capacities of communities may be drawn upon to build more resilient health systems in advance of health crises. This element provides the url for an article or unit of content. So if you don’t trust the messenger, you would not trust the message.’ Later in the epidemic, health officials began to employ local leaders to share Ebola messages in local vernaculars with their communities. Australia's east coast is being engulfed by mould with experts receiving large numbers of calls. All rights reserved. “Be alert to and act on the development of asthma symptoms,” the DHHS states. orcid As surveillance systems and funding streams become more established, new outlets that integrate CE should be sufficiently flexible such that emergent needs identified by communities during an epidemic can be swiftly addressed. CrossMarkDomains A member of the Liberian national government described why this was important: ‘For many people here, the message equals the messenger. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim. If used, prism:eIssn MUST contain the ISSN of the electronic version. Chan School of Public Health Institutional Review Board (IRB). Metropolitan Melbourne’s risk has been listed as moderate while the regions in the north and west of the state have been placed on high alert.”. internal Other defining characteristics—such as religion, age, and ethnicity—can and are used in the literature, but are not employed here. 10.1186/s12992-016-0194-4 10.1186/s12992-016-0194-4 springer.com pdfx Respondents also noted a desire for an increased visibility of central government officials and suggested periodic community meetings. Respondents frequently expressed that there were limited or no avenues for communication with health officials during the epidemic, which prevented a more expedient response. ALDI Special Buys brings back popular wine advent calendar f... Coronavirus SA outbreak grows: Should restrictions be tighte... Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how to opt-out. 「カテゴリ」「情報源」を複数指定しての検索が可能になりました。(プレミアム会員限定), a condition of a disease spreading, called epidemic例文帳に追加, an epidemic disease found in domestic animals例文帳に追加, an outbreak of animal disease called a livestock epidemic例文帳に追加, an infectious disease designated by law to be an epidemic例文帳に追加, a disease called epidemic hepatitis例文帳に追加, a disease called epidemic meningitis例文帳に追加, a disease called epidemic encephalitis例文帳に追加, an epidemic disease that affects dogs例文帳に追加, The region was depopulated by an epidemic.例文帳に追加, We need to take preventive measures against a cholera epidemic immediately.例文帳に追加, The epidemic took a heavy toll of lives.例文帳に追加, A cholera epidemic is still raging there.例文帳に追加, The cholera epidemic has not yet been stamped out in that island.例文帳に追加, The epidemic was limited to that area.例文帳に追加, an inoculation to protect against a flu epidemic例文帳に追加, an acute legal epidemic, called diphtheria例文帳に追加, His prompt action prevented an epidemic.例文帳に追加, A serious epidemic has broken out in Beijing.例文帳に追加, The hotel was formerly used as a hospital for epidemic patients.例文帳に追加, そのホテルは、以前は隔離病院として使われていました。 - Weblio英語基本例文集, The new epidemic spread throughout the country.例文帳に追加, Control of Ebola Epidemic Requires Global Cooperation例文帳に追加, In addition to the general business depression, an epidemic raged and brought further misery to the people.例文帳に追加, an epidemic disease designated by law that physicians must report to governmental authorities upon discovering it in their patients例文帳に追加, a shinto ceremony called "chinka" festival, that is held to help in putting down an epidemic in March, the season of fa例文帳に追加, a serious illness in which the outer part of the brain is swollen by an invasion of bacterium, called epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis例文帳に追加, 流行性脳脊髄膜炎という,細菌の侵入によって起こる脳脊髄膜の炎症 - EDR日英対訳辞書, Brazil is currently suffering from severe economic difficulties and from a Zica virus epidemic.例文帳に追加, ブラジルは現在,深刻な不況やジカウイルスの流行に苦しんでいる。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, According to the Ministry, a number greater than one patient per institution marks the start of an epidemic.例文帳に追加, 同省によると,医療機関1か所あたりの患者が1人を上回る数は流行の始まりを表す。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, The Ebola virus epidemic is expanding fast in Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.例文帳に追加, エボラウイルスの流行がギニア,リベリア,ナイジェリア,シエラレオネで急速に拡大している。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, Liu said that it would take at least six months to take control of the epidemic.例文帳に追加, リュー会長は流行を制御するには少なくとも6か月はかかるだろうと話した。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, She also said that the international community was not warned soon enough of the epidemic's seriousness.例文帳に追加, また,彼女は流行の深刻さについての国際社会への警告が迅速でなかったと話した。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, It also said that "extraordinary measures" were needed to bring the Ebola epidemic under control and asked the international community for cooperation.例文帳に追加, また,エボラ出血熱の流行を制御するためには「前例のない対策」が必要だと述べ,国際社会に協力を求めた。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, After returning to Geneva in Switzerland, she said to reporters that the epidemic was spreading faster than her organization could respond to it.例文帳に追加, スイスのジュネーブに戻った後,彼女は流行が組織の対応能力よりも早く拡大していると報道陣に述べた。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, When an epidemic occurs, they test patients' blood and sputum to identify the agents causing the disease.例文帳に追加, ある病気が流行すると,彼らは患者さんの血液やたんを検査し,病気の原因となっている病原体を特定します。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, I was filled with a sense of fulfillment and relief when we were finally able to contain the epidemic.例文帳に追加, 私たちが最終的にその大流行を食い止めることができたとき,私は達成感と安(あん)堵(ど)感(かん)でいっぱいになりました。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, monitor the tobacco epidemic; protect people from second-hand smoke; help people quit smoking; warn people about the dangers of tobacco; enforce bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship; raise taxes on tobacco products.例文帳に追加, たばこの流行を監視すること,受動喫煙から人々を保護すること,禁煙の手助けをすること,たばこの危険性を警告すること,たばこの広告・宣伝・スポンサー行為を禁止すること,たばこ製品にかかる税を引き上げることである。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, During the Ebola epidemic in Africa in 2014 and 2015, WHO helped bring doctors together from all over the world to assist the people in the infected areas.例文帳に追加, 2014年と2015年にアフリカでエボラ出血熱が大流行したとき,WHOは感染地域の人々を助けるために世界中のお医者さんを呼び集める手助けをしました。 - 浜島書店 Catch a Wave, ④After the declaration of epidemic onset in August例文帳に追加, PLANT EPIDEMIC PREVENTION AGENT, METHOD FOR PLANT EPIDEMIC PREVENTION AND PLANT EPIDEMIC PREVENTION SYSTEM, PLANT AND METHOD FOR CULTIVATING PLANT例文帳に追加, 植物の防疫剤、植物の防疫方法及び植物の防疫システム、並びに、植物及び植物の栽培方法 - 特許庁, PLANT DISEASE CONTROLLING AGENT AND PLANT EPIDEMIC- CONTROLLING METHOD例文帳に追加.